You wake up one morning only to find rashes on some part of your skin, and they seriously itch.
It feels good when you scratch them, but you are worried especially about the rashes on and around your private parts.
Some popular local names of scabies in Nigeria include:
- Kakayi (Hausa)
- Oko junction (Igbo)
- Kuruna or Ishaka (Yoruba)
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What is scabies
Scabies are itchy red rashes or bumps on some parts of your skin, which are caused by a parasitic mite called Sarcoptes scabiei.
These microscopic parasites burrow into your skin to live and lay their eggs, which hatch in 2-3 days. New scabiei climb out to dig more holes, lay more eggs, and the cycle continues.
Intense itching and rashes are as a result of your body immune system developing an allergic reaction to the parasite.
How is scabies transmitted
Scabies is very contagious, which means it spreads easily and fast from person to person through the following ways:
- Prolonged skin-to-skin contact
- Sexual intercourse
- Sharing personal belongings like clothes, bedclothes, towels, etc.
Scabies is most transmitted through direct body contact, and below are some overcrowded areas that can expose you to more body contact with others:
- Refugee camps
- Orphanage homes
- Locker rooms
- Camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs)
Signs of scabies
Scabies can also be transmitted through sexual intercourse, and the signs of infestation (especially itchy private parts) are usually confused with some serious STDs.
- Body rashes (looks like pimples)
- Slightly raised bumps
- Intense itching
- Feels sweet when scratched.
- Itching gets worse at night, especially after bathing.
- Bump/rashes may become shiny or scaly with time.
Sites of scabies
Signs of scabies above affect the following areas on your body.
- Lower belly
- Penis (mostly the tip)
- Buttocks or in-between
- Back of your knees
- Between your fingers or toes
Powerful cures for scabies in Nigeria
No matter how long left, untreated scabies can not cure itself because these microscopic parasites will keep multiplying to reach a severe stage called Norwegian crusted scabies.
An average scabies infestation is usually caused by 10 to 15 scabiei parasites. However, Norwegian scabies occur when these parasites multiply to tens of hundred on one person.
Scabies is treated with medications that kill these parasitic mites with all their eggs. Below are the top 5 most effective (both oral & topical) medications available in Nigeria for treating scabies.
Ivermectin is an effective oral medicine against scabies. It comes as a 200mg tablet, taken once in a single dose.
Ivermectin is available in some pharmacies nationwide. However, it is not recommended for pregnant women, nursing mothers, and children under 15kg bodyweight.
Albendazole is another effective oral scabicide that comes as a 200mg tablet taken once in a single dose.
Benzyl Benzoate is an effective scabicide lotion manufactured by Nomagbon Company in Nigeria.
It is available in some local pharmacies, and should be used as instructed on the bottle label.
Keep it away from your eyes, nose, mouth, armpits, and private parts because it can be very irritating.
Tetmosol medicated soap
Tetmosol is a parasiticide that contains an amount of benzyl benzoate that makes it effective against scabies, and safe for all ages to use.
Tetmosol works best against scabies when used in combination with any of these other treatments. It is available in local stores and online.
Permethrin is easily the best cream for treating scabies in Nigeria because of the following reasons:
- It does not irritate your skin (and private parts), unlike benzyl benzoate.
- It is safe for both pregnant women and nursing mothers to use.
- It is also safe to use on children as young as 2 months and above.
Even the World Health Organisation (WHO) licenced Permethrin since 1973 as a primary treatment for scabies.
Apply Permethrin cream all over your body once a day (especially before bed) for 7-days.
If you are living with anyone, then everyone should undergo similar treatment to prevent re-infestation.
You may also need to repeat the same treatment after 1-week, in case some eggs or larva survived your initial one.
Although these medications kill scabies within a few days, it may take a week or two after treatment for the itching to completely stop.
Last updated: December 2019
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